1. Burri, L.; Hoem, N.; Diehl, B.W.K. Nmr spectroscopy fingerprinting of krill oil. submitted to JAOCS 2015.
  2. Phleger, C.F.; Nelson, M.M.; Mooney, B.D.; Nichols, P.D. Interannual and between species comparison of the lipids, fatty acids and sterols of antarctic krill from the us amlr elephant island survey area. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 2002, 131, 733-747.
  3. Tou, J.C.; Jaczynski, J.; Chen, Y.C. Krill for human consumption: Nutritional value and potential health benefits. Nutr Rev 2007, 65, 63-77.
  4. Winther, B.; Hoem, N.; Berge, K.; Reubsaet, L. Elucidation of phosphatidylcholine composition in krill oil extracted from euphausia superba. Lipids 2011, 46, 25-36.
  5. Burri, L.; Hoem, N.; Banni, S.; Berge, K. Review. Marine omega-3 phospholipids: Metabolism and biological activities. Int J Mol Sci 2012, 13, 15401-15419.
  6. Graf, B.A.; Duchateau, G.S.; Patterson, A.B.; Mitchell, E.S.; van Bruggen, P.; Koek, J.H.; Melville, S.; Verkade, H.J. Age dependent incorporation of 14c-dha into rat brain and body tissues after dosing various 14c-dha-esters. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2010, 83, 89-96.
  7. Liu, L.; Bartke, N.; Van Daele, H.; Lawrence, P.; Qin, X.; Park, H.G.; Kothapalli, K.; Windust, A.; Bindels, J.; Wang, Z., et al. Higher efficacy of dietary dha provided as a phospholipid than as a triglyceride for brain dha accretion in neonatal piglets. J Lipid Res 2014, 55, 531-539.
  8. Rossmeisl, M.; Jilkova, Z.M.; Kuda, O.; Jelenik, T.; Medrikova, D.; Stankova, B.; Kristinsson, B.; Haraldsson, G.G.; Svensen, H.; Stoknes, I., et al. Metabolic effects of n-3 pufa as phospholipids are superior to triglycerides in mice fed a high-fat diet: Possible role of endocannabinoids. PLoS One 2012, 7, e38834.
  9. Wijendran, V.; Huang, M.C.; Diau, G.Y.; Boehm, G.; Nathanielsz, P.W.; Brenna, J.T. Efficacy of dietary arachidonic acid provided as triglyceride or phospholipid as substrates for brain arachidonic acid accretion in baboon neonates. Pediatr Res 2002, 51, 265-272.
  10. Koehler, A.; Sarkkinen, E.; Tapola, N.; Niskanen, T.; Bruheim, I. Bioavailability of fatty acids from krill oil, krill meal and fish oil in healthy subjects-a randomized, single-dose, cross-over trial. Lipids in Health and Disease 2015, 14.
  11. Schuchardt, J.P.; Schneider, I.; Meyer, H.; Neubronner, J.; von Schacky, C.; Hahn, A. Incorporation of epa and dha into plasma phospholipids in response to different omega-3 fatty acid formulations–a comparative bioavailability study of fish oil vs. Krill oil. Lipids Health Dis 2011, 10, 145.
  12. Ramprasath, V.R.; Eyal, I.; Zchut, S.; Jones, P.J. Enhanced increase of omega-3 index in healthy individuals with response to 4-week n-3 fatty acid supplementation from krill oil versus fish oil. Lipids Health Dis 2013, 12, 178.
  13. Burdge, G.C.; Calder, P.C. Dietary alpha-linolenic acid and health-related outcomes: A metabolic perspective. Nutr Res Rev 2006, 19, 26-52.
  14. Food and Nutrition Board, I.o.M. Dietary reference intakes: Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin b-6, vitamin b012, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences: 1998; pp 390-422.
  15. Zeisel, S.H.; da Costa, K.A. Choline: An essential nutrient for public health. Nutr Rev 2009, 67, 615-623.
  16. Fischer, L.M.; daCosta, K.A.; Kwock, L.; Stewart, P.W.; Lu, T.S.; Stabler, S.P.; Allen, R.H.; Zeisel, S.H. Sex and menopausal status influence human dietary requirements for the nutrient choline. Am J Clin Nutr 2007, 85, 1275-1285.
  17. Batetta, B.; Griinari, M.; Carta, G.; Murru, E.; Ligresti, A.; Cordeddu, L.; Giordano, E.; Sanna, F.; Bisogno, T.; Uda, S., et al. Endocannabinoids may mediate the ability of (n-3) fatty acids to reduce ectopic fat and inflammatory mediators in obese zucker rats. J Nutr 2009, 139, 1495-1501.
  18. Ulven, S.M.; Kirkhus, B.; Lamglait, A.; Basu, S.; Elind, E.; Haider, T.; Berge, K.; Vik, H.; Pedersen, J.I. Metabolic effects of krill oil are essentially similar to those of fish oil but at lower dose of epa and dha, in healthy volunteers. Lipids 2011, 46, 37-46.
  19. Maki, K.C.; Reeves, M.S.; Farmer, M.; Griinari, M.; Berge, K.; Vik, H.; Hubacher, R.; Rains, T.M. Krill oil supplementation increases plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in overweight and obese men and women. Nutr Res 2009, 29, 609-615.